Polkadot (DOT)

What is Polkadot?

Polkadot is a cryptocurrency and blockchain platform that aims to connect different blockchains and enable the transfer of value and data between them. It was designed to address the interoperability and scalability limitations of existing blockchain networks.

Key Features

  • Interoperability: Polkadot allows different blockchains to securely communicate with each other without the need for intermediaries. It enables the transfer of value and data between blockchains that were previously incompatible.
  • Scalability: The Polkadot network utilizes parallel blockchains, known as "parachains," to distribute the processing demand and improve scalability. This approach ensures that the main blockchain, called the "relay chain," can handle a high volume of transactions.
  • Governance and Staking: The native cryptocurrency of the Polkadot network is called DOT. It serves two main functions: governance and staking. DOT holders can participate in the decision-making process of the protocol, and they can also stake their tokens to help verify transactions and secure the network.

Structure of Polkadot

  • Relay Chain: The main blockchain of Polkadot, known as the relay chain, coordinates the communication and consensus among different parachains.
  • Parachains: These are parallel blockchains that have their own functionality and tokens. They connect to the relay chain and can interact with each other through the Polkadot network.
  • Bridge: Polkadot has a connecting layer, or "bridge," that allows the transfer of value and data between most blockchains in the network, and it can even connect to non-blockchain databases.

Innovation and Benefits

Polkadot stands out in the cryptocurrency space due to its innovative approach and unique features:

  • Economic Scalability: Polkadot enables a common set of validators to secure multiple blockchains, providing unprecedented economic scalability.
  • Transactional Scalability: The use of parallel blockchains allows Polkadot to spread transactions across multiple chains, improving transactional scalability.
  • Developers' Framework: Polkadot provides a framework called Substrate, which allows developers to create custom blockchains with interoperability and security from the start. This ease of development helps foster the growth of the Polkadot network.
  • Energy Efficiency: Polkadot consumes significantly less energy compared to conventional blockchains due to its nominated proof-of-stake (NPoS) model. It has a lower carbon footprint and is more environmentally friendly.
  • Community-Driven Governance: Polkadot has a sophisticated governance system that ensures all stakeholders have a voice in the network's decision-making process. Network upgrades are coordinated on-chain and remain future-proof and community-driven.


Polkadot is a cryptocurrency and blockchain platform designed to connect and enable communication between different blockchains. Its innovative features, such as interoperability, scalability, governance, and staking, make it a promising solution in the cryptocurrency space. By addressing the limitations of existing blockchain networks, Polkadot aims to create a more interconnected and efficient ecosystem for the transfer of value and data.

... ...
... ...

Where Can You Buy the Cryptocurrency Polkadot?


Binance is a centralized exchange where you can buy several cryptocurrencies, including Polkadot. To buy Polkadot on Binance:

  1. Create a free account on the Binance website or app.
  2. Choose how you want to buy Polkadot.
  3. Check the payment details and fees.
  4. Store or use your Polkadot in Binance.


Coinbase is another platform where you can buy Polkadot. Here's how to buy Polkadot on Coinbase:

  1. Create a Coinbase account and complete the sign-up process.
  2. Add a payment method to your Coinbase account.
  3. Start a trade on Coinbase and select Polkadot from the list of assets.
  4. Enter the amount of Polkadot you want to buy and finalize your purchase.


Kraken is a platform where millions choose to buy Polkadot. To buy Polkadot on Kraken:

  1. Connect a funding method to your Kraken account.
  2. Complete your Polkadot purchase with as little as $10.
  3. Enjoy the world-class security and other features offered by Kraken.


eToro USA LLC is another platform where you can trade Polkadot and other cryptocurrencies. Here's how to buy Polkadot on eToro:

  1. Sign up and create an account on eToro.
  2. Make sure you understand the risks associated with Polkadot.
  3. Follow the step-by-step instructions provided on the platform.
Note: When buying Polkadot, it's important to consider the unique risks associated with this highly volatile asset and ensure compliance with legal, regulatory, and tax requirements.

The Founders of Polkadot

Polkadot is a blockchain platform and cryptocurrency that was created by a team of founders.

The main founders and key individuals involved in the development of Polkadot are:

Gavin Wood

Gavin James Wood is an English computer scientist and one of the co-founders of Ethereum. He is also the creator of Polkadot and Kusama.

Wood has been instrumental in the development of blockchain technology and has made significant contributions to the field. He is known for his expertise in smart contracts and is considered a leading figure in the blockchain industry.

Robert Habermeier

Robert Habermeier is another key founder of Polkadot.

He has played a crucial role in the development of the platform and has contributed to its success. Habermeier's expertise lies in blockchain technology and he has a deep understanding of the technical aspects of Polkadot.

Peter Czaban

Peter Czaban is also one of the founders of Polkadot.

He has been involved in the development of the platform and has contributed to its design and implementation. Czaban's expertise lies in blockchain technology and he has played a key role in shaping the technical aspects of Polkadot.

These founders, along with other members of the team, have worked together to create and develop Polkadot, a blockchain platform that allows for the exchange of messages and transactions between different blockchains without the need for a trusted third party.

Polkadot Launch Roadmap

The launch of Polkadot v1 began in May 2020 with the Relay Chain genesis block and finished in December 2021 with the launch of parachains.

Several post-launch developments and optimizations are expected for the coming year and beyond.

Post-launch upgrades

Web3 Foundation launched Polkadot in Proof of Authority mode. During this time, most users were able to:

  • Claim tokens from their Ethereum contract
  • Stake tokens and declare their intent to validate or nominate
  • Set Session keys in preparation for Proof of Stake

Validators were also able to set their Session keys in preparation for Proof of Stake, and Web3 Foundation used the Sudo key to manage the chain and enable more features.

Advancing to the Next Phase

Once the network was running smoothly with a sufficient number of well-staked validators, Nominated Proof of Stake was enabled with a Sudo call to change eras and perform the first validator election.

During Nominated Proof of Stake, the network ran with a decentralized set of validators.

Web3 Foundation used Sudo to increase the number of validators in the set. Once the network was functioning well, the Sudo key issued a runtime upgrade to enable Polkadot’s governance system.

Governance and Removing Sudo

With Polkadot’s governance system enabled, the first Council and Technical Committee were elected, and public proposals were enabled.

Governance began taking over most of the decision-making processes from the Sudo key, including upgrades and parameter changes.

Polkadot Roadmap Roundup

As the Polkadot Community comes into the last quarter of 2022, a number of important development topics have been worked on. These include:

  • Parachain scalability
  • Parachain development
  • Relay-chain governance
  • Cross-chain communication
  • System parachains
  • Bridging to other ecosystems
  • Staking

One of the major optimizations that have been worked on is Asynchronous Backing, which aims to increase the scalability of Polkadot's parachain consensus protocol.

If enabled, it will shorten the block time for parachains, resulting in lower latency and faster finality for transactions executed on parachains. It will also allocate more time for execution, increasing throughput.

Developers are also planning to test a new process that aims to significantly improve the scalability of the network and expand the number of supported parallel chains.

This will allow Polkadot to support as many as 1,000 parachains.

Polkadot in Q3: Of staking, developments, and a new roadmap

In Q3 of Polkadot, several developments and progress were made. This includes:

  • Staking growth with more members joining nomination pools
  • Potential decrease in block time on the network
  • Technical upgrades and newly deployed parachains

With an increase in the number of parachains, there is more room for the harmonious functioning of the ecosystem.

The staking metrics also showed significant growth, with DOT staked increasing from 578 million to 663 million.

What is Polkadot

With the evolution of the internet and digital technologies, cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies have gained significant attention. One unique platform that stands out in the blockchain ecosystem is Polkadot.

At its core, Polkadot is a decentralized platform that is designed to enable different blockchains to interconnect seamlessly. It functions as a 'multi-chain'— a network where multiple blockchains can run simultaneously and interact with each other. This interoperability is a game-changer for the world of cryptocurrencies and blockchains.

Interoperability and Cross-Chain Communication

One of the significant limitations of traditional blockchains, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, is their inability to communicate or share information directly with each other. Polkadot addresses this issue by providing cross-blockchain transfers of any type of data or asset, not just tokens.

Through its relay chain, Polkadot allows blockchains to remain independent in their governance, but united in their security. In simpler terms, Polkadot helps separate chains, or 'parachains', to talk with each other through a trust-free environment.

Scalability and Efficiency

Another critical aspect of Polkadot is its potential for scalability. By allowing multiple blockchains to operate at the same time, Polkadot could potentially process many transactions on several chains in parallel, eliminating the bottlenecks that occur on existing networks that operate on a single chain.

Polkadot's unique structure also allows for improved efficiency. Unlike other systems, where the entire network is slowed down due to an office on one single chain, Polkadot allows the rest of the network to continue running smoothly due to its multi-chain architecture.

Challenging Internet Oligopolies

By offering unprecedented interoperability and scalability, Polkadot poses a direct challenge to the existing internet oligopolies. It empowers individual blockchains to work together, creating a kind of internet where independent blockchains can share information and transactions in a trustless manner.

This ability could democratize the internet, lending power back to individual users and smaller organizations, and challenge the dominance of traditional internet giants. In essence, Polkadot's potential extends beyond the world of cryptocurrency—it could very well be a key player in shaping the future of the digital world.

How does Polkadot work

Polkadot operates on a highly innovative multi-chain technology which expands the capabilities of blockchain systems. To understand this, let's first have a quick refresher on the concept of blockchain.

Blockchain refers to a decentralised and distributed digital ledger that records transactions across multiple computers. Each block in the blockchain contains a number of transactions, and every time a new transaction occurs on the blockchain, a record of that transaction is added to every participant’s ledger.

Polkadot, developed by the Web3 Foundation, is designed to enhance the functionality and interoperability of these blockchains. This means that the separate blockchains can easily share information and functionality, while still operating independently.

How Does Polkadot's Multi-Chain Technology Work?

Polkadot's multi-chain technology works to join together discrete blockchains into a single, unified network. When blockchains are part of the Polkadot network, they can share information, or even functionality, with other blockchains within the network, all while maintaining their independence.

One of the many benefits of Polkadot's multi-chain technology is that it allows different types of data to be transferred across blockchains. This supports a wider range of applications and services. This differs from other blockchain networks, which tend to only handle one type of transaction or data. For example, Bitcoin's blockchain is mostly used for its digital currency transactions.

The Core Principle of Polkadot's Blockchain Innovation

The pivotal idea that propels Polkadot's blockchain innovation is the seamless interoperability amongst different blockchains. This means that separate, discrete blockchains can now communicate, interact, and work collaboratively—giving birth to an efficient, effective and highly functional distributed digital ledger system.

This raises the potential of blockchains tremendously. Enhanced functionality includes multi-chain applications and cross-chain registries, allowing for smoother transactions and interactions between different blockchains. This means a user from one blockchain can effortlessly engage with data and transactions of another blockchain, opening up a world of possibilities for developers and users alike.

In summary, Polkadot's innovative approach to blockchain technology sets it apart in the increasingly growing crypto world. Its ability to facilitate a smooth transfer of any type of data across different blockchains, all while promoting interoperability, is a unique function that opens a world of opportunities for both developers and investors.

The History and Founders of Polkadot

In the modern-day cryptosphere, Polkadot is gaining attention. This unique cryptocurrency project was initiated by none other than Dr. Gavin Wood, one of the brains behind the second-largest cryptocurrency by market cap, Ethereum. Dr. Wood’s journey from Ethereum to Polkatdot is as remarkable as the unique features this new blockchain platform brings to the crypto community.

Dr. Gavin Wood: The Mastermind behind Polkadot

Dr. Gavin Wood, renowned for his significant contribution to the world of blockchain technology, is considered one of the pioneers of the modern crypto industry. Prior to launching Polkadot, he co-founded Ethereum, a leading platform for creating decentralized applications (DApps).

Wood's experience and deep understanding of blockchain made him realise the potential for a system that could effectively connect different blockchains. This innovative idea led to the birth of Polkadot.

The Journey from Ethereum to Polkadot

At Ethereum, Wood was the Chief Technical Officer (CTO) responsible for orchestrating the technical development. He wrote the Ethereum yellow paper, which outlines the technical specifics of Ethereum's blockchain. But over time, Wood realized that the crypto industry was becoming somewhat compartmentalized. While the Ethereum blockchain was incredibly innovative, it was essentially operating in a 'silo', disconnected from other blockchains.

This realization triggered the vision for Polkadot - a multi-chain platform that could bring interoperability among diverse blockchains, allowing them to communicate with each other. Wood left Ethereum and founded Polkadot in 2016.

The Emergence of Polkadot

Polkadot represents a revolution in the way blockchains can interact. It improves scalability by allowing multiple transactions to be processed on multiple chains in parallel. A shared network called relay chain handles the security, while parachains (independent chains) handle their transactions autonomously.

Polkadot: The Vision

Wood’s vision for Polkadot is to allow independent blockchains to share information and trust each other. Through this interconnected system, differing networks can work together seamlessly, interoperating securely without losing their individual autonomy. This vision directly addresses the issues of scalability and interoperability that many decentralized networks face.

In a nut shell, Polkadot isn’t just a blockchain, but a blockchain of blockchains - a network that connects networks, opening a new chapter in the blockchain world.

Polkadot's Current Market Standing

Polkadot is one of the fastest-growing digital cryptocurrencies in the market today. This cryptocurrency, launched in 2020, has since found favor with a significant number of cryptocurrency investors for its distinctive characteristics and substantial potential returns. But what is exactly behind Polkadot’s surging popularity?

Scalability and Interoperability

One of the primary reasons for Polkadot's escalating popularity is its strong emphasis on scalability and interoperability. Unlike traditional blockchains like Bitcoin, which operate in isolation, Polkadot provides the ability to process multiple transactions across different chains simultaneously. This feature is a massive breakthrough in the blockchain world, as it creates an interconnected network of blockchains, thus considerably improving efficiency.


The next factor is the heightened level of security Polkadot offers. The platform employs a shared security model, where security resources are pooled together. This structure reduces the risk of attacks, giving users more peace of mind about the protection of their assets on the network.


Unlike some cryptocurrencies that have a static, unchanging system, Polkadot's network can adapt and upgrade without having to resort to hard forks. Hard forks can cause divisions, Conflicts and disruptions in a crypto community, and with Polkadot's forkless design, it eliminates these problems, contributing significantly to its popularity.

Polkadot's Current Market Value

Given Polkadot’s growing appeal, it's value in the crypto market has increased substantially. It doesn't take a rocket scientist to realize that the market price of anything depends heavily on its demand, and Polkadot, which started off 2021 with a price around $10, now fluctuates between $20 and $40 just halfway through the year, depending on market forces. This growth has placed Polkadot among the top ten most valuable cryptocurrencies.

It's crucial to note that cryptocurrencies are volatile, and while the current outlook is positive, the market could shift in another direction. As such, investors still need to approach investing in Polkadot with caution, understanding that the value could go up or down.

Future Prospects of Polkadot

Cryptocurrencies are virtual or digital currencies that use cryptography for security. As a type of digital currency, Polkadot has a unique capacity to connect various blockchains into a single network. When we talk about Polkadot's roadmap, we are referring to the planned or projected path for its future development.

Gaining a Solid Understanding

To better understand Polkadot, it's crucial to look at its primary goal, which is to empower a web where independent blockchains can exchange information and transactions in a trustless way. By facilitating cross-chain communication, Polkadot aims to create an ecosystem of interoperable blockchains.

Focused on Scalability

One of Polkadot's significant advantages is its focus on scalability. Unlike most cryptocurrencies, Polkadot uses a sharded multichain network which means multiple transactions can be processed simultaneously. This significantly speeds up the process and makes the Polkadot network faster compared to other non-sharded cryptocurrencies.

Potential Future Developments

Looking into the potential future developments of Polkadot one can't just ignore the process of "parachains" auction. In essence, Polkadot’s network consists of a large number of varied blockchains, or parachains. However, the number of parachains is limited, and to become a parachain, projects need to win a slot auction. This could pave the way for a lot of potential and exciting developments in the future.

Enhancing Security

Security is a cornerstone of Polkadot’s network design. The Polkadot Relay Chain, the network’s heart, provides shared security to all parachains. This means that individual chains don’t have to worry about their security. This shared security model is expected to constantly evolve, striving to strengthen the overall network security and thus maintain users’ trust.

Tackling Upgradation Issues

Another key feature of Polkadot's future development plan is the ability to upgrade without a hard fork (a radical change to a network's protocol that makes previously invalid blocks/transactions valid or vice-versa). Polkadot is designed to upgrade itself smoothly, with a built-in process to adopt new blockchain innovations without the fuss and chaos of a hard fork. This is a clear advance on many existing systems and makes the network more adaptable to change.


In the future, as Polkadot continues its pursuit of full decentralisation and delivering the most advanced interoperable blockchain network, it is expected that more companies will build their projects on its platform. With all these innovative features and prospects, Polkadot's future indeed looks promising.

Safety Measures of Polkadot

The Polkadot Paradigm: Shared Security

As we dive into the heart of Polkadot's security infrastructure, it’s essential to first understand how most blockchains operate. In bitcoin and most other blockchain systems, numerous nodes verify each transaction. Each of these nodes operates independently, reducing the likelihood of any single node dominating or corrupting the system. This is a useful model, but it can present hurdles when it comes to efficiency. Each block in the chain has to be individually validated, which can make the process slow. Transactions can take a significant amount of time before they’re confirmed, which can lead to frustration for users who need to make quick transactions. Polkadot operates by a rather different, unique model known as "shared security." This innovative approach pools the security of all chains in a network—or as Polkadot refers to them, ‘parachains’. Instead of each chain operating and guaranteeing its own security, it all goes into, and comes out of, a central pot. This silos security against attacks across the entire system. Not only does this reduce the stress on individual nodes, but it also makes it dramatically more difficult for attackers to disrupt the system, as they would need to overpower the entire network, rather than simply focusing on a single chain.

Validators and Nominators

Polkadot's second layer of protection lies with its validators and nominators to confirm the information passing between the parachains. Validators are node operators that are responsible for verifying the data, while nominators are DOT token holders that choose the validators. By involving token holders in the security framework, Polkadot creates a more democratized, secure and resilient security model.

Fishermen: An Extra Line of Defense

Polkadot has an additional interesting security player called the "fishermen." These are entities that monitor the network to report any validators acting maliciously. What's notable about fishermen is that anyone can become one, and in return, they earn rewards for identifying malicious behavior. This creates an additional layer of oversight.

The DOT Token Security Role

Lastly, Polkadot’s native token, DOT, plays a vital role in the security mechanism. The DOT token is used for staking, where holders can 'stake' their tokens on a validator to increase its chances of being selected for verifying blocks. This adds an extra incentive for nodes to operate fairly as acting maliciously could result in significant financial losses. The complex yet elegant interplay of nodes, parachains, validators, fishermen, and DOT tokens creates a highly robust security system that allows the Polkadot network to function efficiently while ensuring a high level of security. This unique approach differentiates Polkadot from other blockchain protocols and makes it an intriguing prospect in the world of cryptocurrencies.

Notice: Trying to get property 'textContent' of non-object in /home/app02/domains/bitglossary.com/public_html/functions.php on line 212

Investing in Polkadot

Polkadot is a unique cryptocurrency that positions itself as a scalable and interoperable blockchain network. Essentially, it is a multi-chain infrastructure that allows diverse blockchains to seamlessly operate together.

What You Should Know About Polkadot

Before delving into the investment aspect, it's important to understand the unique selling proposition of Polkadot. Polkadot's vision is to build a fully decentralized web, where users have full control over their data, and blockchains can interact with each other. Polkadot’s primary element, known as the Relay Chain, allows for the interoperability of multiple chains. Additionally, Polkadot has 'parachains', or parallel blockchains, with each having a specific use case. The team behind Polkadot has solid credibility in the cryptocurrency space. Gavin Wood, its founder, also co-founded Ethereum and wrote the Solidity programming language used in Ethereum.

Investing in Polkadot: A Look at The Past Performance

When examining Polkadot's historical data, investors can notice several noteworthy trends. Polkadot launched in May 2020 at a price of about $2.70. Since then, it has shown substantial growth, reaching an all-time high of over $49 in May 2021. What followed after, however, was a market-wide correction that impacted all cryptocurrencies, including Polkadot. This demonstrates that while Polkadot has the potential for high rewards, like all crypto investments, it also carries considerable risk.

Should You Invest in Polkadot?

This question is primarily answered based on individual financial factors, including one's risk tolerance, investment goals, and overall investment strategy. Polkadot, with its unique value proposition and solid team, certainly presents a compelling case. However, potential investors should also be conscious of the risks involved, such as market volatility and regulatory issues. An informed investment decision should be based on extensive research, understanding of the market, and if possible, advice from a financial advisor. Crypto investments, including Polkadot, are not guaranteed; they can gain or lose value rapidly. Hence, an investor should never invest more money than they can afford to lose.