Dai (DAI)

Dai (cryptocurrency)

Dai (or DAI, formerly Sai or SAI) is a stablecoin on the Ethereum blockchain whose value is kept as close to one United States dollar as possible through a system of decentralized participants incentivized by smart contracts to perform maintenance and governance functions. Dai is maintained and regulated by MakerDAO, a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) composed of the owners of its governance token, MKR, who may propose and vote on changes to certain parameters in its smart contracts in order to ensure the stability of Dai. Together, Dai and MakerDAO are considered the first example of decentralized finance to receive significant adoption.


Dai is created and destroyed through an overcollateralized loan and repayment process facilitated by MakerDAO's smart contracts in the form of a decentralized application. Users who deposit one of the accepted collateral types (such as Ether) are able to mint new DAI, as a loan, against the value of their collateral. The USD value of the collateral divided by the amount of DAI borrowed is the loan's collateralization ratio; this is calculated using the USD price of a unit of the collateral asset as reported by a set of decentralized oracles. Each loan type has a minimum collateralization ratio, which is usually in the range of 110-200%. If the collateralization ratio of a loan falls below the minimum ratio, anyone may call a function of the smart contract to claim the collateral in exchange for the outstanding DAI. The collateral is auctioned off to the highest bidder in a decentralized marketplace, effectively returning the collateral to the market and removing the DAI from circulation.

  • Code: DAI
  • Developer(s): Maker Foundation
  • Initial release: December 18, 2017; (5 years ago)
  • License: AGPL v3.0
  • Operating system: Ethereum
  • Precision: 10^-18
  • Previous names: Sai

DAI is a key building block in the burgeoning DeFi ecosystem of permissionless trading, borrowing, and lending. It is primarily used as a means of lending and borrowing crypto assets without the need for an intermediary, creating a permissionless system with transparency and minimal restrictions. Unlike other stablecoins, DAI features a high degree of decentralization, with no single entity controlling its issuance. It also allows for different cryptocurrencies to be used as collateral, providing greater flexibility.

Stablecoins, like DAI, serve as a digital version of fiat currency and provide a reliable way to exchange liquidity without the need for physical funds in conventional bank accounts. They offer stability in the volatile crypto market and enable users to hold digital assets with a stable value while trading other cryptocurrencies.

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Where can you buy the cryptocurrency Dai

You can buy the cryptocurrency Dai from the following platforms:


Coinbase is a centralized exchange where you can buy Dai. It's quick and easy to get started.


Kraken offers a safe and easy way to buy Dai. You can fund your account with various payment methods such as credit card, debit card, and bank transfer.


Binance is another platform where you can buy Dai. You can create a free account on the Binance website or app and choose from different payment options like credit card, debit card, and third-party payment.


Kriptomat allows you to buy Dai instantly using credit or debit cards. The platform offers a secure and transparent transaction process.

These platforms offer different features and advantages, so you can choose the one that suits your preferences and needs.

Founders of Dai

Dai, a cryptocurrency, was launched on the main Ethereum network by MakerDAO in 2017.

MakerDAO was formed in 2014 by Danish entrepreneur Rune Christensen.

Rune Christensen, the founder of MakerDAO, has played a crucial role in the development and evolution of Dai. He has proposed various plans and initiatives to upgrade Dai, including incorporating artificial intelligence-assisted processes into MakerDAO's governance.

Christensen has also advocated for rebranding Dai to make it more understandable and appealing to the general public.

He believes that a new name, a new look, and a different approach to user acquisition are necessary to take control of the narrative and enhance the growth of Dai.

Overall, Rune Christensen is recognized as the key figure behind MakerDAO and the development of Dai, leading the way in advancing decentralized finance and stablecoin technology.

What is the Roadmap and Future Plans of the Cryptocurrency Dai


Dai is a decentralized stablecoin developed by MakerDAO, a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO).

It is collateralized by cryptocurrency and pegged to the US dollar. The MakerDAO ecosystem has outlined a roadmap and future plans, focusing on artificial intelligence (AI) technologies and the development of a new blockchain.

Roadmap: Endgame

The roadmap, called "Endgame," consists of five major launch phases:

  1. Phase 1: Rebranding: In this phase, Dai and Maker brands will be unified without altering the existing tokens.

    Two new tokens, temporarily referred to as "NewStable" and "NewGovToken," will be introduced with updated features.

  2. Phase 2: AI Tools and Open Processes: The focus of this phase is to employ AI tools and open processes to enhance efficiency, resilience, and participation within the MakerDAO ecosystem.
  3. Phase 3: Becoming the Most Widely-Used Stablecoin: The short-term goal of this phase is to become the most widely-used stablecoin project within three years by streamlining and parallelizing the Maker Ecosystem.
  4. Phase 4: New Blockchain: This phase aims to deploy a new blockchain tightly coupled with Ethereum. It will increase the governance security of the ecosystem and implement advanced Endgame features and tokenomics.
  5. Phase 5: Permissionless Innovation and Collateral Allocation: The final phase focuses on the release of six new SubDAOs, which users can farm.

    These SubDAOs will spearhead permissionless innovation and collateral allocation.

Future Plans

In addition to the roadmap, MakerDAO has proposed future plans to upgrade the Dai stablecoin and governance token:

  • The stablecoin DAI and the governance token MKR will not be altered.
  • Upgrade versions of the stablecoin DAI and the governance token MKR will be introduced.
  • Artificial intelligence-assisted processes will be incorporated into Maker's governance.

These future plans aim to revamp the platform, boost the development of applications for the protocol's stablecoin, and improve governance within the MakerDAO ecosystem.

With the roadmap and future plans, MakerDAO and the Dai stablecoin strive to provide an unbiased and widely-used decentralized currency.

What is Dai?

Dai is a unique form of cryptocurrency known as a 'stablecoin'. Unlike other cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, or Ripple, which can fluctuate wildly in value, the Dai operates on a different premise. The main goal of Dai is to keep its value as stable as possible.

Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin are known for their volatility - their values can rise and fall dramatically in a very short time frame. This has led to situations where individuals have made or lost huge amounts of money just through holding these currencies. Dai aims to remove this volatility, providing a more reliable option for those wary of the traditional cryptocurrency market's unpredictability.

How Does Dai Maintain Stability?

So, how does Dai achieve this stability? Essentially, it's pegged to the US Dollar. Pegging is a financial strategy in which an exchange rate is fixed, in this case, between Dai and the US Dollar. The objective is to maintain a 1:1 ratio. This means that one Dai is designed to be equivalent to one US Dollar.

The logic behind this is simple. The value of the US Dollar is comparatively stable, especially when opposed to the values of traditional cryptocurrencies. By pegging Dai to the US Dollar, the stability of the US Dollar should, in theory, carry over to Dai. This makes Dai a 'stablecoin'.

Why Use Dai?

Primarily, one might choose to use Dai due to its stability. If you're interested in the world of cryptocurrencies but are afraid of volatility, Dai is an excellent choice. With its value tied to the US Dollar, it provides a sense of security not generally associated with other cryptocurrencies.

With Dai, you can experience the benefits of a decentralised digital currency - quick and pseudo-anonymous transactions, for example - without the wild price swings seen in other cryptocurrencies. This specific feature makes it an appealing choice for those who value fiscal stability, while still wanting to partake in the digital currency wave.

The Technology Behind Dai

The world of cryptocurrencies can seem pretty complex, but don't worry, we're here to break it down. The first term to understand is Ethereum Blockchain. Ethereum is an open-source platform that uses blockchain technology to enable developers to build and deploy decentralized applications, also known as DApps.

The Ethereum Blockchain is much like a road, where all transactions (cars, if we stick to the analogy) have to follow certain rules to function correctly. It is one of the largest and most well-known blockchains, and it serves as the foundation or platform for a good number of cryptocurrencies. And this is where Dai comes in!

What is Dai Stablecoin?

The Dai stablecoin is one such 'car' travelling on the Ethereum Blockchain 'road'. It's a cryptocurrency that maintains a stable value against the world's most widely-used currencies, like the U.S. dollar. This stability feature makes Dai unique among the volatile cryptocurrency markets, as it offers a calm oasis in an otherwise turbulent sea of digital currencies.

Dai as an ERC-20 Token

Now, you might be wondering what an ERC-20 token is. Fear not, it isn't as complicated as it might sound. ERC-20 simply stands for Ethereum Request for Comment 20. It's a specific set of rules or standards that any token (remember the 'car' in our analogy?) on the Ethereum network must follow. In other words, it's the vehicle regulation manual for our Ethereum 'road'.

The ERC-20 protocol standardizes the way that transactions are made and how they are recorded on the Ethereum blockchain. This has been pivotal in driving the growth of the Ethereum platform as it has led to increased interoperability between different tokens.

As such, Dai, as an ERC-20 token, complies with these rules laid down by the Ethereum platform. It's like driving a car that satisfies all the rules and regulations, ensuring seamless and safe travel on the Ethereum 'road'.

It's important to note that while Dai operates on the Ethereum blockchain, it's not controlled by Ethereum. It's an independent digital currency with its value pegged to the U.S. dollar and governed by a decentralized organization. So, while it follows Ethereum's rules on the road, the car's steering wheel is in the hands of a different driver altogether, providing an extra layer of decentralization and security.

To sum up, the Dai stablecoin is a reliable, stable cryptocurrency that operates on the Ethereum blockchain successfully under the ERC-20 token rules, offering a haven of stability amid the typically volatile landscape of digital currencies.

The Creation of Dai

If you're familiar with the world of cryptocurrencies, you may have heard about a type of virtual currency called Dai. While standard cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum can be gained through a process known as mining, Dai operates on a completely different mechanism called 'over-collateralization'.

So, what exactly is over-collateralization? Well, let's break it down.

In the realm of cryptocurrencies, Dai is unique because it's pegged to the U.S. dollar. This means it's a stablecoin, and unlike other cryptocurrencies, its value doesn't fluctuate wildly. To generate Dai, users need to lock more than the amount they want in Ethereum's own cryptocurrency, Ether, in a smart contract.

A smart contract, in simple terms, is like a virtual agreement. It's a line of code that automatically executes transactions and agreements without the need for a third party. They help in ensuring trust, security, and lower transaction costs.

But here's where it gets interesting: When a user locks up Ether to create Dai, they create a collateralized debt position (CDP). The Ether is securely stored in the smart contract until the Dai is paid back.

Why would you want to do this? Think of it as a loan. By locking up your Ether, you're using it as collateral to "borrow" Dai. This allows users to leverage their existing Ether without having to sell it off, serving as an excellent way to liquidate assets while maintaining their investment in Ether.

If the value of the Ether locked up in the contract drops too far, the smart contract will automatically sell off enough Ether to cover the value of the Dai that has been generated. This function ensures that Dai maintains its peg to the dollar.

In summary, Dai is a unique cryptocurrency that operates beyond the typical 'mining' mechanism, offering users the opportunity to leverage their Ether in a smart, secured, and cost-effective way.

How to Trade Dai

Cryptocurrencies are driving a new era of financial market innovation, and Dai is an exemplary player in this field. What differentiates Dai from other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum is that it is a stablecoin. This means it's pegged to another real-world asset—in this case, the US Dollar, and this gives it stability in its value.

Dai, like most digital currencies, can be traded on many cryptocurrency exchanges. Trading simply involves buying or selling Dai in exchange for another currency. So, if you already have an account on a cryptocurrency exchange, you can start trading Dai right away. Some popular exchanges where you can trade Dai include Coinbase, Kraken, and Binance. Do remember to research thoroughly and choose an exchange that is reliable, secure, and has good trading volumes.

But what happens if you're not actively trading? You need a secure place to store your Dai, and that's where cryptocurrency wallets come in. These wallets are digital storages for your coins, a bit like a safe or a bank account. They provide you with a private key—a secure digital code known only to you and your wallet—that proves ownership of your coins and allows transactions.

When it comes to storing your Dai, you should opt for wallets compatible with the Ethereum's ERC-20 token standard, as Dai is an ERC-20 token. Some of the wallets supporting this standard include MetaMask, Trezor, and Ledger. These wallets provide you with full control over your coins, but remember, they require you to be responsible for safeguarding your private keys.

Whether you're trading or storing, when interacting with cryptocurrency exchanges or wallets, trust and security should be your utmost priority. Always ensure that the exchange or wallet you choose has good reviews, robust security measures, and an excellent reputation within the community.

No matter whether you're a seasoned trader or a newcomer to the world of cryptocurrencies, the best practice is always to educate yourself about the asset, the platform, and the associated risks. Dai provides an interesting and stable option among the vast array of cryptocurrency choices, and its compatibility with many platforms makes it an accessible option for many.

The Safety and Security of Dai

Dai is unique among cryptocurrencies because it is a 'stablecoin,' which is designed to keep its value as stable as possible. While other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum can see their values fluctuate wildly, Dai is designed to always be worth about $1.

First, let's familiarize ourselves with a bit about the Dai cryptocurrency. Dai is a type of digital money, similar to a dollar or euro, but it exists solely on the internet. This digital currency is part of a category known as cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrencies are decentralized, meaning they're not controlled by any government or banking institution. Their value is determined by market demand.

Dai, like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and many other cryptocurrencies, operate using a technology called blockchain. You can think of blockchain as a digital ledger or diary where all transactions are recorded. Once a transaction is added to this ledger, it becomes practically immutable, which means it can't be altered or removed. This makes blockchain technology especially secure.

Blockchain Technology and Its Security Features

Blockchain technology is the bedrock of cryptocurrencies, and it is revered for its robust security. One of the major reasons why it’s regarded as highly secure is that it's decentralized. Rather than storing all information in one place, such as a bank, the data is distributed across thousands, sometimes millions, of computers around the world. This makes it incredibly difficult for hackers to alter or manipulate the data because they would need to hack practically every computer on the network - which is virtually impossible.

Blockchains use complex mathematical algorithms to confirm and secure transactions, adding another layer of security to the data. When a block of transactions is confirmed, it's linked to the one before it, creating a chain of interconnected blocks. This chain provides a tamper-proof digital history of all transactions on the network, which is open for anyone on the network to view, but impossible to alter.

The Role of Dai in the Cryptocurrency Landscape

No matter the nature of a blockchain-based cryptocurrency, the inherent qualities of blockchain technology—security, decentralization, and immutability—remain the same. In the case of Dai, these qualities bring a degree of stability not often found in the cryptocurrency world. Dai's unique algorithmic method of maintaining its value near $1 makes it an ideal cryptocurrency for those seeking the potential benefits of digital currencies, without the inherent volatility typically associated with them.

Just as the US dollar is a unit of value for traditional cash transactions, Dai functions in the same way within the digital realm. This provides a certain level of familiarity, making Dai not only a stable store of value but also an accessible entry point for those new to the world of cryptocurrencies.

In conclusion, the technology behind Dai—and cryptocurrencies more broadly—is complex, yet the basic principles of blockchain provide a secure, decentralized, and open system that holds great potential in our increasingly digital world.